Building Democracy and Freedom of Expression by Fighting the Covid-19 Infodemic in the Digital Space Among the Younger Generation in Indonesia

Lestari Nurhajati, Xenia Angelica Wijayanto, Lamria Raya Fitriyani, Dewi Rachmawati


A research conducted by Kaspersky in early 2021 showed data in Southeast Asia that the highest percentage of respondents who spread the news without verification were actually in Gen Z (28%), followed by Gen X (21%), and Baby Boomers (19%). Sharing information without verification is very likely to cause the spread of fake news/hoaxes in online media. Indeed, Indonesia pins high hopes on Gen Z (born from 1996-2010) and Gen Y (1980-1995) that are considered part of the upcoming demographic bonus. In various discussions in the digital space, there are also often excuses for using free speech to justify the spread of the Covid-19 hoax in online media. This study aims to discover more about how the role of the younger generation can fight the Covid-19 hoax in the digital space by building democracy and free speech. Hoaxes continuously produced and disseminated by various groups indirectly become part of infodemic production. Even WHO stated that the condition of strengthening infodemics is as dangerous as the current pandemic worldwide. This research uses the method of discourse analysis and social networking analysis (SNA) using big data analysis on Twitter which Gen Z widely useThe results of this study describe  how is the role of the younger generation to fight the Covid-19 hoax and find out who are the primary gatekeepers among young Indonesians in this fight against the Covid-19 hoax.

Full Text:



Asshiddiqie, J., & Sejarah, S. (2006). Ideologi. Pancasila, dan Konstitusi, Makalah.

Bose, R., Dey, R. K., Roy, S., & Sarddar, D. (2019). Analyzing political sentiment using Twitter data. In Information and communication technology for intelligent systems (pp. 427-436). Springer, Singapore. (2018). Hoaks Distribution Throgh Digital Platforms in Indonesia

Retrieved from

Diseases, T. L. I. (2020). The COVID-19 infodemic. The Lancet. Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 875.

Eysenbach, G. (2020). How to fight an infodemic: the four pillars of infodemic management. Journal of medical Internet research, 22(6), e21820.

Fullam, J. (2017). Becoming a youth activist in the internet age: A case study on social media activism and identity development. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 30(4), 406-422.

Howe, N., & Strauss, W. (1991). Generations: the history of America’s future, 1584 to 2069. New York: William Morrow and Company.

Liputan 6. (2020) Kominfo turunkan 1856 konten hoaks seputar vaksin covid 19.

Jalali, A., Sherbino, J., Frank, J., & Sutherland, S. (2015). Social media and medical education: exploring the potential of Twitter as a learning tool. International Review of Psychiatry, 27(2), 140-146.

Juditha, C. (2018). Interaksi Komunikasi Hoaks di Media Sosial serta Antisipasinya Hoaks Communication Interactivity in Social Media and Anticipation. Jurnal Pekommas, 3(1), 31-44.

Juditha, C. (2018). Interaksi simbolik dalam komunitas virtual anti hoaks untuk mengurangi penyebaran hoaks. Jurnal Penelitian Komunikasi dan Pembangunan, 19(1), 17-32.

Kamau, S. C. (2017). Democratic engagement in the digital age: youth, social media and participatory politics in Kenya. Communicatio, 43(2), 128-146.

Lane, D. S., Das, V., & Hiaeshutter-Rice, D. (2019). Civic laboratories: youth political expression in anonymous, ephemeral, geo-bounded social media. Information, Communication & Society, 22(14), 2171-2186.

Latupeirissa, A., Sediyono, E., & Iriani, A. (2019). Pemanfaatan Social Network Analysis Untuk Menganalisis Kolaborasi Komunikasi Pada Balai Perikanan Budidaya Laut Ambon. JSINBIS (Jurnal Sistem Informasi Bisnis), 9(2), 121-132.

Meinarni, N. P. S., & Iswara, I. B. A. I. (2018). Hoaks and its Mechanism in Indonesia. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 165, 183-86.

Ningrum, D. P. (2019). Pemanfaatan Media Sosial terhadap Fenomena “Hoaks” di Kalangan Remaja Milenial (Studi di Sman 1, Kecamatan Pleret, Bantul, Yogyakarta). Jurnal Ilmiah Padma Sri Kreshna, 1(1).

Nurhajati, L., Rahmiaji, L.R., & Erika, D. (2020). Manajemen Kerelawanan Sosial dan Kolaborasi Japelidi. Kolaborasi Lawan (Hoaks) COVID-19: Kampanye, Riset dan Pengalaman Japelidi di Tengah Pandemi. Program Studi Magister Ilmu Komunikasi UGM.

Nursahid, A., Kartika, A D., Rafsadie, I., Khairil, M., Astuti, S I., Mulyartono, S., & Ali-Fauzi, I. (Eds). (2019). Buku Panduan Melawan Hasutan Kebencian. Jakarta: Pusat Studi Agama dan Demokrasi, Yayasan Paramadina dan Masyarakat Anti Fitnah Indonesia (Mafindo).

Pendergrass, W. S. (2015). # Notallmen,# Bringbackourgirls Yesallwomen: Three Months of Gender Discussion In The Age of Twitter. Issues in Information Systems, 16(1).

Putra, Y, S. (2010). Theoritical Review: Teori Perbedaan Generasi.

Serrat, O. (2017). Social network analysis. In Knowledge solutions (pp. 39-43). Springer, Singapore.

Sitepu, Y. S., Harahap, H., & Trimurni, F. (2021) Digital Literacy of Social Media Users in Medan City in Facing Hoaks. International Journal of Modern Trends in Social Sciences.

Straubhaar, Joseph, Robert LaRose, dan Lucinda Davenport. (2010). Media Now, Seventh Edition. Wadsworth: USA.

Sucipto, R. H., & Alamsyah, A. (2016). Analisis Jaringan Teks Berdasarkan Social Network Analysis dan Text Mining untuk Mengetahui Persepsi Kualitas Merek pada Konten Percakapan di Media Sosial Twitter (Studi pada PT. Indosat Tbk. dan PT Telkomsel). eProceedings of Management, 3(1).

Wibowo, K A., Rahmawan, D., Maryani, E. (2019). In Indonesia, Young and Old Share Fake News on Social Media. The Conversation. Retrieved from media-111433 on 17 February 2020.

Wolfinger, M. . (2011). The ABC XYZ Generations. University of New South Wales Press Ltd.

Zarocostas, J. (2020). How to fight an infodemic. The lancet, 395(10225), 676.

Zulaiha, S., Sagiman, S., & Mutia, M. (2019). Edukasi Literasi Informasi bagi Anak dan Remaja untuk Meminimalisir Penyalahgunaan Media Jejaring Sosial. Jurnal Harkat: Media Komunikasi Gender, 15(2), 116-125.

Zummo, L., Gargroetzi, E., & Garcia, A. (2020). Youth voice on climate change: Using factor analysis to understand the intersection of science, politics, and emotion. Environmental Education Research, 26(8), 1207-1226.



Article Metrics:

Abstract Views - 204

PDF Downloads - 97


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Xenia Angelica Wijayanto

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed by:
Google Scholar  

Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia (P-ISSN : 2548-8740, E-ISSN : 2503-0795)
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editorial Secretariat:
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia (JKISKI)
Gedung Dewan Pers 5th Floors, Jl. Kebon Sirih 32-34 Jakarta 10110 - Indonesia

Contact Person : Prof. Dr. Rajab Ritonga, M.Si

Email :

Whatsapp : +62811133471

View My Stats