Ukraine War as a Cause of Food Crisis: A Framing Analysis of Three Giant International Media

Intan Tiara Kartika, Ali Maksum


Food availability is one of the important things that any state must  fulfill so that its people can live healthy and active lives. Currently, the world is encountered with food insecurity that threatens human welfare. The world, which has not yet recovered from the domino effects of climate change, the COVID-19 pandemic, and most recently the Russia-Ukraine war, is becoming increasingly unprepared for a global food crisis. Malnutrition, mass starvation, and famine will become major problems if this crisis continues. Warnings on   a global food crisis that are often ignored have put the global food system on the verge of collapse. With the increasing level of hunger, the issue of food crisis has become a hot topic of discussion again. Foreign media are competing to report on the food crisis particularly the causes of the rapidly developing food crisis. The purpose of this study is to find out how the media has framed the causes of the food crisis. This study will take samples from three major regional media, namely Al Jazeera, Asia Times, and Washington Post, during the period of April 2020 to June 2022. This research applies a qualitative research method using the content of foreign news. The data was processed using the N Vivo 12 Plus and analyzed using media framing theory and food insecurity. The findings of this study show that the issue of war between Russia and Ukraine is the most widely used form of framing by the three media. This is because the war  disrupts not only world food production but also food distribution. This research is expected to be developed using more news samples to get more varied results.

Full Text:



Al (2021). Over 100 million people in Africa threatened by climate change.

Al (2022a). How did the Russia-Ukraine war trigger a global food crisis? How did the Russia-Ukraine war trigger a global food crisis?

Al (2022b). UN hopes to restore Ukraine grain exports amid global food crisis. Al Jazeera.Com.

Anna, C., & Eric, P. (2022). Russia ’ s war on Ukraine : Impact on food security and EU response. Think Tank European Parliament, April.

Bhasin, R. (2021). Mishandling of Covid-19 worsens food crises in India, Brazil. Asia Times.Com.

Bradham, B. (2021). This is how badly climate change has hurt food production. Aljazeera.Com.

Briceño, A. H. (2021). Venezuelans struggle to find food during pandemic.

Budianto, H. (2019). Kontestasi Politik dalam Ruang Media (D. H. Santoso (ed.); 1st ed.). Prenamedia Group.

Cruz-Vidal, A. (2020). Digital Media to Guarantee Food Security in Colombia during COVID-19. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 9(4), 1–3.

D’Angelo, P. (2017). Framing: Media Frames. The International Encyclopedia of Media Effects, November, 1–10.

El Mokhtar, M. A., Anli, M., Ben Laouane, R., Boutasknit, A., Boutaj, H., Draoui, A., Zarik, L., & Fakhech, A. (2021). Food Security and Climate Change. In Research Anthology on Environmental and Societal Impacts of Climate Change.

Entman, R. M. (1993). Framing: Toward Clarification of a Fractured Paradigm. Journal of Communication, 43(4), 51–58.

Entman, R. M. (2007). Framing bias: Media in the distribution of power. Journal of Communication, 57(1), 163–173.

Fan, S., Si, W., & Zhang, Y. (2020). How to prevent a global food and nutrition security crisis under COVID-19? China Agricultural Economic Review, 12(3), 471–480.

FAO Food Security Programme. (2008). An Introduction to the Basic Concepts of Food Security. FAO.

FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP, & WHO. (2021). Transforming Food Systems for Food Security, Improved Nutrition and Affordable Healthy Diets for All. In The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2021.

FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP, & WHO. (2022). The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2022. In Repurposing Food and Agricultural Policies to Make Healthy Diets More Affordable (The State of the World).

Fergusson, B., Zhang, J., Chan, S., Welch, S., & Hamp, K. (2021). Conveying Information about Food Insecurity : Effects of Media on Food Insecurity Awareness. In UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Sustainability Program (Issue April). Information about Food Insecurity_Effects of Media on Food Insecurity Awareness_FinalReport.pdf

Fitzgerald, C. (2022, June 1). Why climate change spells danger for South Asia. Asia Times.Com.

Gaio, A. M. S., Mondry, & Diahloka, C. (2015). 42435-ID-analisis-framing-robert-entman-pada-pemberitaan-konflik-kpk-vs-polri-di-vivanews. Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik, 4(3), 451–455.

Gao, W., Fang, Y., Wang, Y., & Zhang, F. (2020). HRCE: Detecting Food Security Events in Social Media. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1437(1).

Hunger and Health. (2021). Understand Food Security.

Hunger and Health Feeding America. (2021). Understand Food Insecurity; What is Food Insecurity? Https://Hungerandhealth.Feedingamerica.Org/.

Jemadu, A. (2014). Politik Global dalam Teori dan Praktik. Graha Ilmu.

Kaplan, S. (2022). 49 million people face famine as Ukraine war, climate disasters intensify. Washington Post.Com.

Kutyauripo, I., Mavodza, N. P., & Gadzirayi, C. T. (2021). Media coverage on food security and climate-smart agriculture: A case study of newspapers in Zimbabwe. Cogent Food and Agriculture, 7(1).

Kuzmin, E. A. (2016). Sustainable food security: Floating balance of markets. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 6(1), 37–44.

Marques, C. F. (2022). The World Can Stave Off Putin’s Food Fight. Washington Post.Com.

Mengoub, F. E., Dadush, U., Ali, A. A., & Tsakok, I. (2022). Policy Brief The Russia-Ukraine War and Food Security in Morocco By. Policy Center for the New South, April.

Mikovic, N. (2022, March 21). Russia’s actions threatening global food security. Asia Times.Com.

Niles M, Bertmann F, Belarmino E, Wentworth T, Biehl E, & Neff R. (2020). The Early Food Insecurity Impacts of COVID‐19. Nutrients, 12(2096).

O’Hara, S., & Toussaint, E. C. (2021). Food access in crisis: Food security and COVID-19. Ecological Economics, 180(June 2020), 106859.

Pao, J. (2022, April 6). Shanghai Residents Fume as Authorities Fumble Lockdown. Asia Times.Com.

Rane, H., Ewart, J., & Martinkus, J. (2014). Media Framing of the Muslim World: Conflicts, Crises and Contexts. In Gastronomía ecuatoriana y turismo local. (1st ed., Vol. 1, Issue 69). Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Shakil, F. (2020, July 28). Pakistan’s Covid crisis could result in famine. Asia Times.Com.

Styawan, W. E. (2022). Diskursus Pangan , Ekofeminisme dan Food Sovereignty di Era COVID-19. Journal of Feminism and Gender Studies, 2019(2), 23–40.

Wijaya, O., Widodo, W., Lathifah, R., Rahmawati, N., & Rubiyanto, C. W. (2020). Household Dietary Patterns in Food Insecurity Areas. AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research, 6(2).



Article Metrics:

Abstract Views - 264

PDF Downloads - 156


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Intan Tiara Kartika, Ali Maksum

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed by:
Google Scholar  

Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia (P-ISSN : 2548-8740, E-ISSN : 2503-0795)
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editorial Secretariat:
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia (JKISKI)
Gedung Dewan Pers 5th Floors, Jl. Kebon Sirih 32-34 Jakarta 10110 - Indonesia

Contact Person : Prof. Dr. Rajab Ritonga, M.Si

Email :

Whatsapp : +62811133471

View My Stats