Digital Literacy Skills Against Children's Personal Data Protection on Social Media

Likha Sari Anggreni, Nunung Prajarto, Novi Kurnia


The popularity of social media attracts many people to participate in various activities every day. Social media usually comes in the form of  audio, graphics, video text and animations that provide convenience to its users to  disseminate and access  information quickly amd easily. Without realizing it, parents often show off their children's personal data in their parents' and children's accounts, usually for personal or business purposes. The purpose of this study is to examine more about the efforts made by parents to protect children's data privacy on Instagram social media accounts. This study uses  the meta-analysis method of the literature study on previous studies. In this study, we want to see how the role of digital literacy in protecting children's personal data is and   how to conceptualize children's self-protection digital literacy on social media. The findings of this study  with the concept, threats, recommendations regarding the importance of digital literacy for personal data protection and conceptual integration can be used as a reference in  further research. The protection of children's personal data is important  to thwart  the threat of  cyber crime, violence and online extortion. It can also be one of the guarantees for children’s good growth and development because the data will   not be misused by other parties for financial gain or  to threaten children.

Full Text:



Adikara, G. J., Kurnia, N., Adikara, G. J., Kurnia, N., Adhrianti, L., Astuty, S., Wijayanto, X. A., Desiana, F., & Astuti, S. I. (2021). Aman bermedia digital. Direktorat Jenderal Aplikasi Informatika.

Alalwan, A. A., Rana, N. P., Dwivedi, Y. K., & Algharabat, R. (2017). Social media in marketing: A review and analysis of the existing literature. Telematics and Informatics, 34(7), 1177–1190.

Anderson, M., & Jiang, J. (2018a). Teen’s Social Media Habits and Experiences. PEW Research Center, November, 33.

Anderson, M., & Jiang, J. (2018b). Teens, social media & technology. Pew Research Center [Internet & American Life Project], 1–9.

Bazarova, N. N. (2016). Sharing Our Lives Online: Risks and Exposure in Social Media. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 60(1), 190–192.

Carr, C. T., & Hayes, R. A. (2015). Social Media: Defining, Developing, and Divining. Atlantic Journal of Communication, 23(1), 46–65.

Chege, N. (2018). Children’s personal data: Discursive legitimation strategies of private residential care institutions on the Kenyan coast. Social Sciences, 7(7), 1–19.

de Vries, L., Peluso, A. M., Romani, S., Leeflang, P. S. H., & Marcati, A. (2017). Explaining consumer brand-related activities on social media: An investigation of the different roles of self-expression and socializing motivations. Computers in Human Behavior, 75, 272–282.

Dwivedi, Y. K., Kapoor, K. K., & Chen, H. (2015). Social media marketing and advertising. The Marketing Review, 15(3), 289–309.

Dwivedi, Y. K., Kelly, G., Janssen, M., Rana, N. P., Slade, E. L., & Clement, M. (2018). Social media: The good, the bad, and the Ugly. Information Systems Frontiers, 20, 419–423.

Ebrahimi, M. (2018). Sharing our lives online: risks and exposure in social media. Information, Communication & Society, 21(12), 1747–1748.

Eshet-alkali, Y., & Amichai-hamburger, Y. (2004). Experiments in Digital Literacy. Cyber Psychology & Behavior, 7(4), 421–429.

Ferrari, A., Punie, Y., & Bre, B. N. (2013). DIGCOMP : A Framework for Developing and Understanding Digital Competence in Europe .

Fulton, J. M., & Kibby, M. D. (2017). Millennials and the normalization of surveillance on Facebook. Continuum, 31(2), 189–199.

Giunchiglia, F., Zeni, M., Gobbi, E., Bignotti, E., & Bison, I. (2018). Mobile social media usage and academic performance. Computers in Human Behavior, 82, 177–185.

Greenwood, B. N., & Gopal, A. (2015). Tigerblood: Newspapers, blogs, and the founding of information technology firms. Information Systems Research, 26(4), 812–828.

Hasan, A. (2017). Kesedaran dan Pengetahuan terhadap Keselamatan dan Privasi Melalui Media Sosial dalam Kalangan Belia (Awareness and knowledge of safety and privacy through social media among youth). E-Bangi, 14(3).

Kapoor, K. K., Tamilmani, K., Rana, N. P., Patil, P., Dwivedi, Y. K., & Nerur, S. (2018). Advances in Social Media Research: Past, Present and Future. Information Systems Frontiers, 20(3), 531–558.

Keith, B. E., & Steinberg, S. (2017). Parental sharing on the internet child privacy in the age of social media and the pediatrician’s role. JAMA Pediatrics, 171(5), 413–414.

Kietzmann, J. H., Hermkens, K., Mccarthy, I. P., & Silvestre, B. S. (2011). Social media ? Get serious ! Understanding the functional building blocks of social media. Business Horizons, 54(3), 241–251.

Kurnia, N., Astuti, S. I., Monggilo, Z. M. Z., Prananingrum, E. N., Kusumastuti, F., & Adikara, G. J. (2021). Seri Modul Literasi Digital Kominfo Japelidi Siberkreasi 2021-2024.

Lim, Y. H., Lee, J. K., Ng, W., & Teo, T. W. (2022). Implementation of PCM in a Singapore school: Impact on students’ learning outcomes. Journal of Educational Research, 115(1), 25–36.

Liu, L., Liu, C., & Zhao, X. (2017). Mapping the paths from styles of anger experience and expression to obsessive-compulsive symptoms: The moderating roles of family cohesion and adaptability. Frontiers in Psychology, 8(MAY), 1–10.

Luqman, A., Cao, X., Ali, A., Masood, A., & Yu, L. (2017). Empirical investigation of Facebook discontinues usage intentions based on SOR paradigm. Computers in Human Behavior, 70, 544–555.

Macenaite, M., & Kosta, E. (2017). Consent for processing children’s personal data in the EU: following in US footsteps? Information and Communications Technology Law, 26(2), 146–197.

Madden, M., Cortesi, S., & Lenhart, A. (2012). Parents, Teens, and Online Privacy. Interaction, 9(8), 29.

Madiha, N., Ilham, M., Azul, M., & Salleh, M. (2015). Isu Privasi dan Keselamatan dalam Kalangan Pengguna Aplikasi Media Sosial (Privacy and Security Issues among Users of Social Media Applications). E-Bangi, 12(2), 203–216.

Maier, C., Laumer, S., Eckhardt, A., & Weitzel, T. (2015). Giving too much social support: Social overload on social networking sites. European Journal of Information Systems, 24(5), 447–464.

Milkaite, I., & Lievens, E. (2018). Towards a better protection of children ’ s personal data collected by connected toys and devices. Digital Freedom Found.

Monggilo, Z. M. Z., Kurnia, N., Wirawanda, Y., Desi, Y. P., Sukmawati, A. I., Anwar, C. R., Wenerda, I., & Astuti, S. I. (2021). Cakap Bermedia Digital (Z. M. Z. Monggilo & Novi Kurnia (eds.)). Direktorat Jenderal Aplikasi Informatika.

Nolan, J., Raynes-Goldie, K., & McBride, M. (2011). The Stranger Danger: Exploring Surveillance, Autonomy, and Privacy in Children’s Use of Social Media. Journal of Childhood Studies, 36(2), 24–32.

Peters, K., Chen, Y., Kaplan, A. M., Ognibeni, B., & Pauwels, K. (2013). ScienceDirect Social Media Metrics — A Framework and Guidelines for Managing Social Media. Journal of Interactive Marketing, 27(4), 281–298.

Rha, J., Cho, E., & Lee, S. (2020). Protecting Children’s Online Privacy : Privacy Issues and Its Implications. Journal of Digital Convergence, 18(10), 23–31.

Schmitt, J. B., Debbelt, C. A., & Schneider, F. M. (2018). Too much information? Predictors of information overload in the context of online news exposure. Information Communication and Society, 21(8), 1151–1167.

Siddiqui, S., & Singh, T. (2016). Social Media its Impact with Positive and Negative Aspects. International Journal of Computer Applications Technology and Research, 5(2), 72–75.

Social, we are, & Hootsuite. (2021). DIGITAL 2021 Global Overview Report.

Sofian, A., Pratama, B. P., Besar, & Pratomo, F. C. P. (2020). Perlindungan Data Privasi Anak Online Dalam Mencegah Pelanggaran Hak Anak Children ’ S Online Privacy Protection on Preventing Violation of Children Rights. Media Informasi Kesejahteraan Sosial, 44(Perlindungan Data Privasi Anak Online dalam Mencegah Pelanggaran Hak Anak (Ahmad), 115–129.

Stoilova, M., Nandagiri, R., & Livingstone, S. (2021). Children’s understanding of personal data and privacy online–a systematic evidence mapping. Information Communication and Society, 24(4), 557–575.

Suciati, T. N. (2019). Sinisme Privasi, Diskriminasi Dan Komoditas Data: Paradoks Media Sosial Di Era Kapitalisme Pengawasan. Journal Acta Diurna, 15(2), 145.

Suwana, F., & Lily. (2017). Empowering Indonesian women through building digital media literacy. Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, 38(3), 212–217.

Techataweewan, W., & Prasertsin, U. (2018). Development of digital literacy indicators for Thai undergraduate students using mixed method research. Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, 39(2), 215–221.

Tzifopoulos, M. (2020). In the shadow of Coronavirus: Distance education and digital literacy skills in Greece. International Journal of Social Science and Technology, 5(2), 1–14.

Wijaya, S. H. B. (2019). Seri Literasi Media: Dari Hoax hingga Hacking (I. A. Satyawan (ed.); edisi pert). Buku Litera.

Winarsih, W., & Irwansyah, I. (2020). Proteksi Privasi Big Data Dalam Media Sosial. Jurnal Audience, 3(1), 1–33.

Yang, D., Qu, B., & Cudré-Mauroux, P. (2019). Privacy-Preserving Social Media Data Publishing for Personalized Ranking-Based Recommendation. IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, 31(3), 507–520.

Zhang, J., Sun, J., Zhang, R., Zhang, Y., & Hu, X. (2018). Privacy-Preserving Social Media Data Outsourcing. Proceedings - IEEE INFOCOM, 2018-April, 1106–1114.



Article Metrics:

Abstract Views - 207

PDF Downloads - 243


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Likha Sari Anggreni, Nunung Prajarto, Novi Kurnia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed by:
Google Scholar  

Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia (P-ISSN : 2548-8740, E-ISSN : 2503-0795)
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editorial Secretariat:
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia (JKISKI)
Gedung Dewan Pers 5th Floors, Jl. Kebon Sirih 32-34 Jakarta 10110 - Indonesia

Contact Person : Prof. Dr. Rajab Ritonga, M.Si

Email :

Whatsapp : +62811133471

View My Stats