Intercultural Communication of Indonesian-Australian International Special Class Alumni According to Proxemics Dimensions

Melati Mediana Tobing


This article examines the connection between proxemics and cosmopolitanism. Cosmopolitans can be understood as citizens of a borderless state or owners of global citizenship, with their communication also being borderless. Cosmopolitans usually come from many different cultures and use their native languag, but their perception of place is a gradually construced process and built with experience, education or the information they have gathered from media. Indonesian cosmopolitans also have an identity of being global citizens, who like travelling around the world but choose to stay in Indonesia with their family and friends. This article describes about Indonesian cosmopolitans who prefer to live in Indonesia despite the lack of a good living environment. The article also analyzes informant perceptions of space during their time studying in Australia and working in Indonesia. In accordance with the methodology chosen for the study, interviews with three informants of the International Class Program were conducted in Jakarta in July-August 2016. The informants were active students and are currently working near Jakarta. The study identifies the differences inherent in Indonesian cosmopolitans: 1) Indonesian cosmopolitans do not travel but they like living together with their families: “whether or not one eats, what matters is that one is together with family”, and; 2) these new cosmopolitans have an open attitude. This research using a framework of analysis based on proxemics and linked their communication experiences as cosmopolitans after returning to Indonesia as alumni, with several relevant answers based on their nonverbal intercultural communication.

Full Text:



Appiah, K. A. (2006). Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.

Bryman, A. (2012). Social Research Methods (4th Edition). New York: Oxford University Press.

Cheah, P. (2006). 'Cosmopolitanism' Special Issue 'Problematising Global Knowledge'. Theory Culture and Society, 23, 486-96.

Denzin, & Lincoln. (2009). Handbook of Qualitative Research. New Delhi: Sage Publication Pvt. Ltd.

Departemen Ilmu Komunikasi FISIP UI. (2016, November 15). Sejarah Departemen Ilmu Komunikasi FISIP UI. Retrieved from

Gunesch, K. (2004). Education for Cosmopolitanism? Cosmopolitanism as a Personal Cultural Identity Model for and within International Education. Journal of Research in International Education, 251-275.

Hall, E. T. (1964). The System of Notation Proxemic. Illinois, AS: Illinois Institute of Technology.

Hall, E. T. (1966). The Hidden Dimension. Garden City, NY: Doubleday Anchor Book.

Hall, E. T. (1968). Proxemic. The Chicago Journals, 83.

Hannerz, U. (1990). Cosmopolitans and Locals in World Culture. In W. Featherstone, Global Culture: Nationalism, Globalisation and Modernity (pp. 237-51). London: Sage.

Hannerz, U. (1992). Cultural Complexity: Studies in the Social Organization of Meaning. New York: Routledge.

Harshe, R. (2006). Culture, Identity and International Relations. New York: JSTOR.

Littlejohn, S. W. (2009). Littlejohn, S. W., & Foss, K. A. California: Sage Publications.

Lincoln, Y. S., & Guba, E. G. (1986, summer). But Is It Rigorous? Trustwaorthiness and Authenticity in Naturalistic Evaluation. Natualistic Evaluation, hal. 73-84.

Oxford University Press. (2016, November 12). Retrieved from Oxford Living Dictionaries:

Patton, Q. M. (2002). Qualitative Research and Evaluation Methods. AS: Sage Publication.

Samovar, L. A. (2013). Communication Between Cultures (Vol. 8th Ed. ). International Edition: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Sobre-Denton, M. (2011). The Emergence of Cosmopolitan Group Cultures and Its Implications for Cultural Transition: A Case of An International Student Support Group. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 79-91.

Soedjatmoko. (2009). Hubungan Kebudayaan Internasional untuk Hari Depan. Dalam Soedjatmoko, Asia di Mata Soedjatmoko (hal. 3-11). Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kompas.

Universitas Indonesia. (2016, November 15). Program Sarjana Komunikasi (KKI). Retrieved from

Universitas Indonesia. (2016, November 15). Jalur Masuk Universitas Indonesia 2016. Retrieved from:

Watson, O. M. (1970). Proxemics Behavior: A Cross-Cultural Study. The Hague: Mouton & Co.N.V.

Werbner, P. (2008). Anthropology and the New Cosmopolitanism: Rooted, Feminist and Vernacular Perspectives. New York: Berg Pubishers.



Article Metrics:

Abstract Views - 297

PDF Downloads - 269


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Melati Mediana Tobing

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed by: 
Google Scholar  Mendeley

Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia (P-ISSN : 2548-8740, E-ISSN : 2503-0795)
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editorial Secretariat:
Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia (JKISKI)
Gedung Dewan Pers 5th Floors, Jl. Kebon Sirih 32-34 Jakarta 10110 - Indonesia

Contact Person   : Prof. Dr. Rajab Ritonga, M.Si

Email                :

Whatsapp          : +62811133471
View My Stats