Privacy Crisis on Instagram: a Factor Analysis Approach on Motivation Behind Privacy Disclosure in Adolescents

Vivi Varlina, Thesalonika Lefanya Kara Duma

Abstract


Instagram is one of the most preferred social media platforms in Indonesia. Based on the survey, Instagram users in Indonesia are dominated by teenagers aged between 18 and 24 years. Instagram is used by teenagers as a medium to create self-image, show existence, and do self- disclosure. The disclosure of privacy by teenagers is very risky and has negative impacts, such as provocation, data manipulation, and other cybercrime. This study aims to confirm the factors that motivate teenagers to disclose personal information on Instagram. By using communication privacy management theory and quantitative methodology, this research found interesting insights. Researchers surveyed 100 Instagram users who use public mode accounts. Through a series of factor analyses it was found that out of 17 indicators of the 7 main motivational factors formulated in the initial research framework, only 15 indicators were valid because the significance value of the other 2 indicators did not meet the requirements. These 15 indicators formed 6 new motivational main factors that influence teenagers to disclose their personal information on Instagram. These factors are self-presentation, information storage, emotional support, relationship development, entertainment, and information sharing. This finding also confirmed the novelty of the research that there are some similarities and differences in the factors that motivate Instagram users and Facebook users when disclosing their personal information on both social media platforms.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Gray, L. (2014). What is Blog and How do I Use it? Britannica Educational Publishing.

Herlina, M., & Safarudin, H. (2019). Dampak Kejahatan Cyber dan Informasi Hoax terhadap Kecemasan Remaja di Media Online. Promedia, 5(2), 89–110.

Hurlock, E. B. (1992). Psikologi Perkembangan: Suatu Pendekatan Sepanjang Rentang Kehidupan. Erlangga.

Iskandar. (2019). Gawat, Pengguna Media Sosial di Indonesia Sering Berbagi Data Pribadi! https://www.liputan6.com/tekno/read/ 3995908/gawat-pengguna-media- sosial-di-indonesia- sering-berbagi- data-pribadi

Kaplan, A. (2010). Users of the World, Unite! The Challenges and Opportunities of Social Media. 60–61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bushor.2009.09.003

Khairuni, N. (2016). Dampak Positif dan Negatif Sosial Media Terhadap Pendidikan Akhlak Anak (Studi Kasus di SMP Negeri 2 Kelas VIII Banda Aceh). Jurnal Edukasi, 2(1), 91–106.

Lee, D.H., Im, S., & Taylor, C. R. (2008). Voluntary Self-Disclosure of Information on the Internet: A Multimethod Study of the Motivations and Consequences of Disclosing Information on Blogs. Psychology & Marketing, 27(7).

Littlejohn, S., & Foss, K. (2009). Encyclopedia of Communication Theory. Sage Publication, Inc.

Nursalam, & Arifin, J. (2016). Perilaku Mahasiswa Pendidikan Sosiologi. Jurnal Equilibrium Pendidikan Sosiologi, 4(2), 223–242.

Petronio, S. (2002). Boundaries of Privacy: Dialetics of Disclosure. State University of New York Press.

Petscher, Y., & Schatschneider, C. (2013). Applied Quantitative Analysis in Education and the Social Sciences. Routledge.

Sugiyono. (2016). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D. PT. Alfabet. Supranto, J. (2004). Analisis Multivariat: Arti dan Interpretasi. PT Rineka Cipta.

Tiyarestu, A., & Cahyono, R. (2015). Perbedaan Communication Privacy Management di Media Sosial Twitter pada Remaja dengan Tipe Kepribadian Extravert dan Introvert. Jurnal Psikologi Pendidikan Dan Perkembangan, 4(1), 68.

Tren Kejahatan Siber 2019: Penipuan Menempati Posisi Teratas. (2020).

Tsay-Vogel, M., Shanahan, J., & Signorielli, N. (2018). Social Media Cultivating Perceptions of Privacy: A 5-year Analysis of Privacy Attitudes and Self-Disclosure Behaviors Among Facebook Users. New Media & Society, 20(1), 141–161.

Wagiran. (2019). Metodologi Penelitian Pendidikan: Teori dan Implementasi. Deepublish.

Waters, S., & Ackerman, J. (2011). Exploring Privacy Management on Facebook: Motivations and Perceived Consequences of Voluntary Disclosure. Journal of Computer Mediated Communication, 17, 101–114. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1083- 6101.2011.01559.x

West, R., & Turner, L. H. (2017). Pengantar Teori Komunikasi: Analisis dan Aplikasi. Penerbit Salemba Humanika




DOI: https://doi.org/10.25008/jkiski.v7i1.613



      




Article Metrics:

Abstract Views - 152

PDF Downloads - 157



Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2022 Vivi Varlina, Thesalonika Lefanya Kara Duma

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.



Indexed by: 
Google Scholar  Mendeley

Jurnal Komunikasi Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia (P-ISSN : 2548-8740, E-ISSN : 2503-0795)
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editorial Secretariat:
Jurnal Komunikasi: Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia (ISKI)
Gedung Dewan Pers 5th Floors, Jl. Kebon Sirih 32-34 Jakarta 10110 - Indonesia

Contact Person   : Prof. Dr. Rajab Ritonga, M.Si

Email                   : rajab.r@lspr.edu

Call/Whatsapp     : +62811133471
View My Stats